What are the true causes behind the fall of Aristide?

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What are the true causes behind the fall of Aristide?

Post by admin » Sat Apr 17, 2004 2:58 pm

That is a question that we should all begin to examine in depth and with objectivity. Sure we may disagree (and we surely do) with others who have taken positions different than our own. But differences of opinion or differences in positions stated privately or publicly do not necessarily change the course of History. Today we hear many emotional responses that do not seem to carry with them the factual historical basis that is needed to explain not only what happened yesterday but what surely will happen again tomorrow if we cannot dispassionately study the root causes of a government's downfall and the "unthinkable" becoming routinely true on Haiti's soil, as if it were not such "a big deal" after all.

Here are just a few questions (among many others) we should be thinking about:

- Is the politicization of NCHR (Haiti or U.S.) responsible
for the downfall of Jean-Bertrand Aristide's government?

- Is the call from PAPDA for Aristide to resign immediately the reason for the fall of JBA?

- Are the various political parties that opposed Aristide and the 184 organization in particular directly responsible for French and American military boots trampling Haiti's soil on the 200th anniversary of her fragmentary independence? If not, are the human rights organizations that have severely criticized the Haitian government while practically letting off the hook the intelligence and military apparatus that has executed its demise, chiefly responsible?

- When does a human rights organization becomes in fact a political organization and how does this feed or destabilize the process of institution building in Haiti?

- What role did the International Republican Institute and the Haiti Democracy Project in Washington play exactly in the dismantlement of the Aristide administration?

- Whether or not the forced and non-con
stitutionally prescribed end of the Lavalas period of government can be seen as a victory or defeat for the Haitian people (and we, personally, hold that it represents a major defeat of Haitians' aspirations to self-rule, but our personal opinion is besides the point for the moment), what part of the credit or blame should be respectively attributed to these various factors:
  • President Aristide, himself (due to personality traits, executive style, or specific policies)[/*:m]
  • President Aristide's administration (his ministerial and other executive appointments, individually or as a whole)[/*:m]
  • the Haitian Press[/*:m]
  • the various shades of internal political opposition, including the student movement[/*:m]
  • the various shades of external political opposition, including the activism of specific foreign embassies in Port-au-Prince, acquiescing to the fundamental dislike cultivated by the French and the U.S. governments for their Haitian counterpart[*:29b7
    e9a378]the human rights and other civic organizations[/*:m]
  • the on again off again rebellion of Amiot Métayer in Gonaives and his subsequent murder (and whatever happened to Paul Odonell who supposedly entrapped him?)[/*:m]
  • the rebels, armed and trained in the Dominican Republic, and later termed "freedom fighters" by the current de facto government of Haiti, in a manner inescapably reminiscent of U.S. President Ronald Reagan's identical designation of the "contras" insurgency force in Nicaragua in the 1980's[/*:m]
  • the former (or perhaps present) leaders of the dissolved Haitian Army and paramilitary forces (and whatever happened to Toto Constant -- there was a time when he was more famous than Jodel Chamblain!!)[/*:m]
  • the paralyzing effects of the U.S. orchestrated financial embargo on the Haitian government[/*:m]
  • the cumulative effects of corruption growing out of control[/*:m]
  • the Haitian bourgeoisie, with reference made to our various elites (intellectual, indus
    trial, religious, political)[/*:m]
  • the average man/woman in urban/suburban Haiti as well as the vast and wretched countryside[/*:m]
Whatever your side of the issue, is it possible (or way too early) to begin to study the making of the coup d'etat and the perpetual process of doing/undoing governments in Haiti, without the Haitian people ever exercising a confident control of their destiny? Can we go beyond our resentments, personal disappointments, occasional rhetorical excesses and scapegoating tendencies, to examine for now and for the future the processes that would oblige any disinterested observer to conclude that "self-determination" was not meant, is not presently allowed, and will never be tolerated for "Haitians"; that it is an illusion that only danced in the heads of Mackandal, Boukman, Toussaint, Dessalines, Capois, and other true-to-the-word freedom fighters? Surely, if there is to ever be a hope of escaping our furiously re-enacting History, we who aspire
to self-rule have to come together and understand the processes. Because surely, others have come already to understand them much better than us, to their benefit and to our detriment.

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