Eye on the Caribbean
[quote]Five Caribbean states ranked in top group in the UNDP Human Development Index
12 September 2005
Five Caribbean states are ranked among countries with high human development according to the 2005 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Human Development report released on 7 September.
The report measures the average achievements in a country in three basic dimensions of human development - a long and healthy life measured by life expectancy at birth; knowledge as measured by the adult literacy rate and the combined gross enrolment for primary, secondary and tertiary level educational institutions; and decent standard of living, measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product per capita in purchasing power parity.
Barbados, which leads all the nations of Latin America
and the Caribbean, is ranked at number 30. St. Kitts and Nevis is ranked at 49, followed by the Bahamas (50), Cuba (52), and Trinidad and Tobago (57).
In the medium human development group, Antigua and Barbuda is at 60. Then come Grenada (66), Dominica (70), St. Lucia (76), while St. Vincent and the Grenadines remains at 87. The Dominican Republic is at 95, followed by Jamaica (98), and Guyana (107).
Haiti is the only regional country with low human development, ranked at 153 out of 177 countries. Sierra Leone (176) and Niger (177) are ranked lowest of all.
According to statistics used by the UNDP, a comparison between island neighbors, the Dominican Republic and Haiti, finds that:
life expectancy for Dominicans is 67.2 years, and for Haitians is 51.6 years;
the adult literacy rate in the Dominican Republic is 87.8%, while in Haiti it is estimated at 51.9%;
enrolment in primary, secondary and higher education in the Dominican Republic is 76%, while in Haiti it is est
imated at 48%.
and the GDP per capita in the Dominican Republic is US$6,823, while in Haiti it is US$1,742. *)
The UNDP's Resident Representative to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, Rosina Wiltshire, attributed Barbados' ranking to the strong commitment of the government, social partners and civil society to fostering development. She said there is a need for swift changes to global aid, trade and security policies to ensure all countries can meet the objectives of the MDGs.
Sources: Caribbean News Agency (CANA) http://www.cananews.com/
2005 UNDP Human Development report http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2005/
P.S. 'Eye on the Caribbean' is realised by Charles Arthur, and is provided in a partnership between the Haiti Support Group and AlterPresse as a contribution to Haiti's greater integration within the Caribbean region.
*) This is on a Purchasing Power Parity basis.
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